Also used to describe the process of genetic change within a population, as influenced by natural selection.
adaptive landscape: A graph of the average fitness of a population in relation to the frequencies of genotypes in it.
antibacterial: Having the ability to kill bacteria.
amniotes: The group of reptiles, birds, and mammals.
antibiotic resistance: A heritable trait in microorganisms that enables them to survive in the presence of an antibiotic.
aperture: Of a camera, the adjustable opening through which light passes to reach the film.
The term can also be applied to larger groups of organisms, as in "the adaptive radiation of mammals." adaptive strategies: A mode of coping with competition or environmental conditions on an evolutionary time scale.
Species adapt when succeeding generations emphasize beneficial characteristics.